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Wapta Falls, Kicking Horse River, Yoho National Park, British Columbia, Canada

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Wapta Falls, Kicking Horse River, Yoho National Park, British Columbia, Canada

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nubianbrothaz:

 

Charles “Tarzan” Cooper, shown circa 1939, was a member of the New York Rens basketball team - one of the first all-Black basketball teams in the United States. All-Black teams existed up until around 1950 when the NBA integrated their teams The New-York Historical Society is sponsoring a scholarship contest that was inspired by their upcoming exhibition on The Black Fives, which is about the history of early 20th-century African American basketball teams. Photo: The Black Fives Foundation/New York Historical Society.

nubianbrothaz:

 

Charles “Tarzan” Cooper, shown circa 1939, was a member of the New York Rens basketball team - one of the first all-Black basketball teams in the United States. All-Black teams existed up until around 1950 when the NBA integrated their teams The New-York Historical Society is sponsoring a scholarship contest that was inspired by their upcoming exhibition on The Black Fives, which is about the history of early 20th-century African American basketball teams. Photo: The Black Fives Foundation/New York Historical Society.

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Clay shells by Zoe Latham

 

Clay shells by Zoe Latham

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Because single Black capable fathers exist too.

 

Because single Black capable fathers exist too.

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(via 17mul)

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krissiikisses:
This book teaches black, Afro-descendent, Afro-Latina, and/or Garifuna girls how to positively describe different hair types instead of using the term “bad hair”. Fun illustrations were created to help describe different types of hair and hairstyles. This book was created to empower little girls so they can embrace and love their beautiful natural hair. This book calls for all of us to work as equal partners to encourage our girls by using proper terminology to describe their hair which is directly linked to their essence and self-esteem. 
@Nopelomalo

krissiikisses:

This book teaches black, Afro-descendent, Afro-Latina, and/or Garifuna girls how to positively describe different hair types instead of using the term “bad hair”. Fun illustrations were created to help describe different types of hair and hairstyles. This book was created to empower little girls so they can embrace and love their beautiful natural hair. This book calls for all of us to work as equal partners to encourage our girls by using proper terminology to describe their hair which is directly linked to their essence and self-esteem.

@Nopelomalo

  NubianBrothaz.tumblr.com

(via nigerianroyal)

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Rare footage of educator and civil rights leader, Mary McLeod Bethune (circa 1930s, 1940s).  Founder of Bethlune-Cookman College in Daytona Beach, Fl.

*found in Prelinger Open Archives

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(via sheilastansbury)

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(Source: lawdgevus, via nethilia)

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blackchildrensbooksandauthors:

"You won’t find them in Hollywood’s old Western movies, except maybe as slaves or comics. You won’t find them in history books either. They are the black cowboys of the late 1800s. From the plantations of the South to the plains of Texas, black cowboys made their mark on the subduing of the vast western territories, keeping the peace with indigenous peoples, "putting out fires" as buffalo soldiers sent to hot spots, and later as cowboys in America’s cattle industry and — gaining fame and glory in the rodeos of our nation"

blackchildrensbooksandauthors:

"You won’t find them in Hollywood’s old Western movies, except maybe as slaves or comics. You won’t find them in history books either. They are the black cowboys of the late 1800s. From the plantations of the South to the plains of Texas, black cowboys made their mark on the subduing of the vast western territories, keeping the peace with indigenous peoples, "putting out fires" as buffalo soldiers sent to hot spots, and later as cowboys in America’s cattle industry and — gaining fame and glory in the rodeos of our nation"

 NubianBrothaz.tumblr.com

(Source: robt.shepherd.tripod.com, via thsissilent)

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Massive Dreadnoughtus dinosaur is one of the largest creatures to ever walk on earth, researchers say

Paleontologists at Drexel University say the Dreadnoughtus schrani is the largest beast with a calculable body mass that ever roamed the earth. The animal is much larger than the well-known Brachiosaurus, and some scientists say it may be heading for Hollywood.

BY 

= RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT "AFP PHOTO / MARK A. KLINGER / CARNEGIE MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY" - NO MARKETING NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS =MARK A. KLINGER/AFP/GETTY IMAGESDreadnoughtus schrani is a supermassive dinosaur that would have weighed as much as 60 small cars when it died in Argentina’s Patagonia region some 77 million years ago.

Meet Dreadnoughtus—the dinosaur so strong it was named after a battleship, so heavy it weighed more than a Boeing 737-900 plane, and so big that falling over could mean death.

And when it drew its last breath about 77 million years ago, scientists say the beast hadn’t even finished growing.

Kenneth Lacovara, the Drexel University professor who discovered the creature’s resting place in southern Argentina, believes that at 130,000 pounds, Dreadnoughtus could be among the largest animals that have ever walked on earth—much bigger than the well-known Brachiosaurus that weighs in at a measly 75,000 pounds.

“What we can say with certainty is this is the biggest land animal that we can actually put a number on,” Lacovara told The New York Times.

That’s because most of the biggest dinosaurs, known collectively as titanosaurs, haven’t left behind the bones that scientists need to accurately estimate their mass. In general, paleontologists need the smallest circumference of an animal’s humerus and femur to calculate their weight, theWashington Post reports. A similarly large dinosaur, named the Argentinosaurus, has vertebrae along its backbone that are bigger than those of the Dreadnoughtus. But due to a lack of samples, researchers haven’t been able to pin down the Argentinosaurus’ mass.

SALESOUT NARCH EUO 3TP MNDTYKENNETH LACOVARA/REUTERSThe skeleton of Dreadnoughtus schrani is seen during an excavation in Argentina in this 2006 picture.

Describing the Dreadnoughtus find in a Scientific Reports article, Lacovara said that his team had unearthed 45% of the dinosaur’s skeleton, which is more than 200 bones. The beast’s 6-foot-tall thigh bone helped researchers put its weight at 130,000 pounds.

In contrast, the largest animal roaming the planet today is the African male elephant, which weighs only 15,000 pounds.

The Dreadnoughtus was a plant-eater who intimidated other animals with its large size and muscular tail.

“This is the kind of creature that will soon make it into Hollywood,” said Luis Chiappe, a renowned paleontologist who was not involved in the study.

SALESOUT NARCH EUO 3TP MNDTYKENNETH LACOVARA/REUTERSBones of Dreadnoughtus schrani are seen in Professor Kenneth Lacovara’s fossil lab at Drexel University in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Because of its 37-foot-long neck, the animal likely didn’t have to do much walking. Instead, it would conserve energy and stand still in one place, using its neck to reach for things to eat.

Microscopic bone structure analysis revealed that this particular Dreadnoughtus was an adolescent. That means it could have gotten much bigger.

But the dinosaur’s huge frame also meant that a tipping over could be deadly.

“If you look at its really big ribs, there’s no way they’re going to withstand 65 tons of weight on top of them,” Lacovara said. “It would have been a catastrophic event in the life of a Dreadnoughtus if it fell over.”

American paleontologist Kenneth J. Lacovara  poses by a tibia bone of a Dreadnoughtus dinosaur.KENNETH LACOVARA/AFP/GETTY IMAGESAmerican paleontologist Kenneth J. Lacovara poses by a tibia bone of a Dreadnoughtus dinosaur.

Lacovara discovered Dreadnoughtus in 2005 and spent four years excavating the creature and shipping it to Drexel in Philadelphia. A smaller companion was also found nearby. Both of the dinosaurs had been caught in quicksand, which is what helped preserve their bodies for so long.

The researchers have uploaded 3-D models of each of the dinosaur’s bones to the Internet, opening up the study to other paleontologists around the world.

The dinosaur’s full name, Dreadnoughtus schrani, is an interesting mix of old and new. The Dreadnought was a revolutionary early 20th-century warship that was considered to be nearly invincible. “Schrani” refers to Adam Schran, a tech entrepreneur who helped fund the project.



Read more: http://www.nydailynews.com/news/national/dreadnoughtus-dinosaur-leargest-creatures-roam-earth-article-1.1928138#ixzz3COReN6ZP

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medievalpoc:

Agostino Brunias

Handkerchief Dance

England (c. 1780s)

Oil on Canvas, 53.5 x 68 cm.

The Image of the Black in Western Art Research Project and Photo Archive, W.E.B. Du Bois Institute for African and African American Research, Harvard University

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(via youngblackandvegan)

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revolutionary-afrolatino:

J Edgar Hoover, Marcus Garvey, and the 1st Black FBI Agent/Informant

Marcus Garvey soon rose to the top of Hoover’s list. Federal agents, in collaboration with the New York City police, had begun to report on Garvey’s speeches as early as 1917. But as Universal Negro Improvement Association membership and the circulation of The Negro World newspaper ballooned in 1919, Hoover himself targeted Garvey.
Referring to Garvey as a “notorious negro agitator,” Hoover zealously set about to gather damaging evidence on Garvey and his growing movement. According to Kornweibel, “Hoover and the Justice Department were clearly hooked on a fixation on Garvey which would before long become a vendetta.”

hmph, the early days of COINTELPRO…
image source

revolutionary-afrolatino:

J Edgar Hoover, Marcus Garvey, and the 1st Black FBI Agent/Informant

Marcus Garvey soon rose to the top of Hoover’s list. Federal agents, in collaboration with the New York City police, had begun to report on Garvey’s speeches as early as 1917. But as Universal Negro Improvement Association membership and the circulation of The Negro World newspaper ballooned in 1919, Hoover himself targeted Garvey.

Referring to Garvey as a “notorious negro agitator,” Hoover zealously set about to gather damaging evidence on Garvey and his growing movement. According to Kornweibel, “Hoover and the Justice Department were clearly hooked on a fixation on Garvey which would before long become a vendetta.”

hmph, the early days of COINTELPRO…

image source

 NubianBrothaz.tumblr.com

(via thsissilent)

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“Tell Me Again”Tell me again why we should forgetI see that you haven’t forgotten Pearl Harbor yetTell me again why you say you can’tYou paid everyone else for their time in the campsTell me again why we should ignoreThe many times you said “you’re mama’s a whore”Tell me again why because we fail to seeThe reasons you hung all our men from a treeTell me again why our history you chokedFor chaining us, killing us, suppressing our voteTell me again why we should share your terrorOur enemy’s long been who you see in the mirrorTell me again why you wouldn’t relentFrom calling our ancestors niggers and wenchTell me again why so we’ll understandAnd please with a straight face if you think you canTell me again why those little girls diedFor once tell the truth not another ‘white lie’Tell me again why now that you live in fearIt’s about time you felt what we felt all those yearsTell me again why because we’re not insaneWe know no one’s cornered the market on painTell me again why is it you find?When you cry your tears they are wet just like mineTell me again why, we pray that you tellWhy when we made your heaven you gave us pure hellTell me again why what is your excuseWhy you won’t compensate us for all your abuseTell me again why because our ancestors needTo hear that you’re sorry for your hate and greedTell me again why, why should we forgiveThe ones who detest the mere fact that we liveI’ll tell you why if I may be so boldWe have to forgive you to save our own souls.From the gospel musical “Reaching For Freedom” by Jay Arrington
  • “Tell Me Again”

    Tell me again why we should forget
    I see that you haven’t forgotten Pearl Harbor yet
    Tell me again why you say you can’t
    You paid everyone else for their time in the camps

    Tell me again why we should ignore
    The many times you said “you’re mama’s a whore”
    Tell me again why because we fail to see
    The reasons you hung all our men from a tree

    Tell me again why our history you choked
    For chaining us, killing us, suppressing our vote
    Tell me again why we should share your terror
    Our enemy’s long been who you see in the mirror

    Tell me again why you wouldn’t relent
    From calling our ancestors niggers and wench
    Tell me again why so we’ll understand
    And please with a straight face if you think you can

    Tell me again why those little girls died
    For once tell the truth not another ‘white lie’
    Tell me again why now that you live in fear
    It’s about time you felt what we felt all those years

    Tell me again why because we’re not insane
    We know no one’s cornered the market on pain
    Tell me again why is it you find?
    When you cry your tears they are wet just like mine

    Tell me again why, we pray that you tell
    Why when we made your heaven you gave us pure hell
    Tell me again why what is your excuse
    Why you won’t compensate us for all your abuse

    Tell me again why because our ancestors need
    To hear that you’re sorry for your hate and greed
    Tell me again why, why should we forgive
    The ones who detest the mere fact that we live

    I’ll tell you why if I may be so bold
    We have to forgive you to save our own souls.

    From the gospel musical “Reaching For Freedom” by Jay Arrington
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whb2:

Fannie Lou Hamer (1917-1977) 

Mississippi Appendectomy
Peace to Ms Hamer and all the Black, Native American and Latin Woman who were subjected to forced sterilization. -WHB2

Ms Fannie Lou Hamer was a Wife, Daughter, Black Activist, A major figure in the civil rights movement and…a victim. 

Back in 1961 Fannie Lou was diagnosed with a small uterine tumor. She checked into the Sunflower City Hospital to have it removed. Without her knowledge or consent, without any indication of medical necessity, the operating physician took the liberty of performing a complete hysterectomy.

Three years later, as a leader of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, Ms. Hamer spoke about her experience to an audience in Washington D.C. – telling them that she was one of many black women in her area that had been a victim of a “Mississippi appendectomy” (an unwanted, unrequested and unwarranted hysterectomy given to poor and unsuspecting Black women). According to research, 60% of the black women in Sunflower County, Mississippi were subjected to postpartum sterilizations at Sunflower City Hospital without their permission.

A number of physicians who examined these women after the procedure was performed confirm that the practice of sterilizing Southern Black women through trickery or deceit was widespread.
 
But it does not end there. The forced sterilization of black women got its start during slavery, but has persisted in less overt forms in recent years. A 1991 experiment that implanted the now-defunct birth control device Norplant into African American teenagers in Baltimore was applauded by some observers as a way to “reduce the underclass.

Dr. Lester Hibbard of L.A. County Hospital admits in 1972 that vaginal tubal ligations were sometimes selected over abdominal tubal ligations because of their “instructional value,” even though the vaginal procedure often led to serious complications.

According to the acting director of a municipal hospital in New York City in 1975, “In most major teaching hospitals in New York City, it is the unwritten policy to do elective hysterectomies on poor, Black, and Puerto Rican women with minimal indications, to train residents … at least 10% of gynecological surgery in New York is done on this basis. And 99% of this is done on Blacks and Puerto Rican women.”

During the late 1960s and the early 1970s, a policy of involuntary surgical sterilization was imposed upon Native American women in the United States, usually without their knowledge or consent, by the federally funded Indian Health Service (IHS), then run by the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA). It is alleged that the existence of the sterilization program was discovered by members of the American Indian Movement (AIM) during its occupation of the BIA headquarters in 1972. A 1974 study by Women of All Red Nations (WARN), concluded that as many as 42 percent of all American Indian women of childbearing age had, by that point, been sterilized without their consent.

A subsequent investigation was conducted by the U.S. General Accounting Office (GAO), though it was restricted to only four of the many IHS facilities nationwide and examined only the years 1973 to 1976. The GAO study showed that 3,406 involuntary sterilizations were performed in these four IHS hospitals during this three-year period. Consequently, the IHS was transferred to the Department of Health and Human Services in 1978.

by Serena Sebring 

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(via nethilia)

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gradientlair:

nuneyskid:

50-year anniversary of the 9/15/1963 murder of four African-American girls in the 16th Street Baptist Church bombing in Birmingham, Alabama.

Their names are Cynthia Wesley, Carole Robinson, Addie Mae Collins and Denise McNair.

gradientlair:

nuneyskid:

50-year anniversary of the 9/15/1963 murder of four African-American girls in the 16th Street Baptist Church bombing in Birmingham, Alabama.

Their names are Cynthia Wesley, Carole Robinson, Addie Mae Collins and Denise McNair.

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(via thatflamchick)